Abnormal polarity effect in nanosecond-pulse breakdown of SF6 and nitrogen

Tao Shao, Victor F. Tarasenko, Cheng Zhang, Dmitry S. Beloplotov, Wenjin Yang, Mikhail I. Lomaev, Zhongsheng Zhou, Dmitry A. Sorokin, Ping Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The breakdown of gas gaps in an inhomogeneous electric field at subnanosecond and nanosecond voltage pulse rise times are studied, and the famous polarity effect in point-to-plane gaps is investigated. It is shown that at a voltage pulse rise time of ∼0.5 ns, the inversion of polarity effect takes place not only in electronegative gases such as SF6, but also occurs in electropositive nitrogen. The inversion of polarity effect is related to a delay of electron emission from the plane cathode on arrival of the ionization wave front anode to the cathode. It is found that with a voltage pulse rise time of ∼0.5 ns, the inversion of polarity effect occurs at SF6 and SF6-N2 pressures of 0.25 MPa and lower, and with a voltage pulse rise time of 15 ns, at a SF6 pressure lower than 0.12 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1828-1833
Number of pages6
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Volume378
Issue number26-27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

polarity
breakdown
nitrogen
electric potential
inversions
pulses
cathodes
wave fronts
gases
electron emission
arrivals
anodes
low pressure
ionization
electric fields

Keywords

  • Gas discharge
  • Inversion of polarity effect
  • Nanosecond pulse
  • Nitrogen
  • Polarity effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Abnormal polarity effect in nanosecond-pulse breakdown of SF6 and nitrogen. / Shao, Tao; Tarasenko, Victor F.; Zhang, Cheng; Beloplotov, Dmitry S.; Yang, Wenjin; Lomaev, Mikhail I.; Zhou, Zhongsheng; Sorokin, Dmitry A.; Yan, Ping.

In: Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics, Vol. 378, No. 26-27, 16.05.2014, p. 1828-1833.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shao, Tao ; Tarasenko, Victor F. ; Zhang, Cheng ; Beloplotov, Dmitry S. ; Yang, Wenjin ; Lomaev, Mikhail I. ; Zhou, Zhongsheng ; Sorokin, Dmitry A. ; Yan, Ping. / Abnormal polarity effect in nanosecond-pulse breakdown of SF6 and nitrogen. In: Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics. 2014 ; Vol. 378, No. 26-27. pp. 1828-1833.
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AU - Tarasenko, Victor F.

AU - Zhang, Cheng

AU - Beloplotov, Dmitry S.

AU - Yang, Wenjin

AU - Lomaev, Mikhail I.

AU - Zhou, Zhongsheng

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AB - The breakdown of gas gaps in an inhomogeneous electric field at subnanosecond and nanosecond voltage pulse rise times are studied, and the famous polarity effect in point-to-plane gaps is investigated. It is shown that at a voltage pulse rise time of ∼0.5 ns, the inversion of polarity effect takes place not only in electronegative gases such as SF6, but also occurs in electropositive nitrogen. The inversion of polarity effect is related to a delay of electron emission from the plane cathode on arrival of the ionization wave front anode to the cathode. It is found that with a voltage pulse rise time of ∼0.5 ns, the inversion of polarity effect occurs at SF6 and SF6-N2 pressures of 0.25 MPa and lower, and with a voltage pulse rise time of 15 ns, at a SF6 pressure lower than 0.12 MPa.

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