### Abstract

Simple navigation algorithms are needed for small autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These algorithms can be implemented in a small microprocessor with low power consumption. This will help to reduce the weight of the UAVs computing equipment and to increase the flight range. The proposed algorithm uses only the number of opaque channels (ommatidia in bees) through which a target can be seen by moving an observer from location 1 to 2 toward the target. The distance estimation is given relative to the distance between locations 1 and 2. The simple scheme of an appositional compound eye to develop calculation formula is proposed. The distance estimation error analysis shows that it decreases with an increase of the total number of opaque channels to a certain limit. An acceptable error of about 2 % is achieved with the angle of view from 3 to 10° when the total number of opaque channels is 21600.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 012028 |

Journal | IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering |

Volume | 177 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Mar 2017 |

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### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Materials Science(all)
- Engineering(all)

### Cite this

**A simple algorithm for distance estimation without radar and stereo vision based on the bionic principle of bee eyes.** / Khamukhin, A. A.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A simple algorithm for distance estimation without radar and stereo vision based on the bionic principle of bee eyes

AU - Khamukhin, A. A.

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Simple navigation algorithms are needed for small autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These algorithms can be implemented in a small microprocessor with low power consumption. This will help to reduce the weight of the UAVs computing equipment and to increase the flight range. The proposed algorithm uses only the number of opaque channels (ommatidia in bees) through which a target can be seen by moving an observer from location 1 to 2 toward the target. The distance estimation is given relative to the distance between locations 1 and 2. The simple scheme of an appositional compound eye to develop calculation formula is proposed. The distance estimation error analysis shows that it decreases with an increase of the total number of opaque channels to a certain limit. An acceptable error of about 2 % is achieved with the angle of view from 3 to 10° when the total number of opaque channels is 21600.

AB - Simple navigation algorithms are needed for small autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These algorithms can be implemented in a small microprocessor with low power consumption. This will help to reduce the weight of the UAVs computing equipment and to increase the flight range. The proposed algorithm uses only the number of opaque channels (ommatidia in bees) through which a target can be seen by moving an observer from location 1 to 2 toward the target. The distance estimation is given relative to the distance between locations 1 and 2. The simple scheme of an appositional compound eye to develop calculation formula is proposed. The distance estimation error analysis shows that it decreases with an increase of the total number of opaque channels to a certain limit. An acceptable error of about 2 % is achieved with the angle of view from 3 to 10° when the total number of opaque channels is 21600.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016217977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016217977&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1757-899X/177/1/012028

DO - 10.1088/1757-899X/177/1/012028

M3 - Article

VL - 177

JO - IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

JF - IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering

SN - 1757-8981

IS - 1

M1 - 012028

ER -