A simple algorithm for distance estimation without radar and stereo vision based on the bionic principle of bee eyes

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Simple navigation algorithms are needed for small autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These algorithms can be implemented in a small microprocessor with low power consumption. This will help to reduce the weight of the UAVs computing equipment and to increase the flight range. The proposed algorithm uses only the number of opaque channels (ommatidia in bees) through which a target can be seen by moving an observer from location 1 to 2 toward the target. The distance estimation is given relative to the distance between locations 1 and 2. The simple scheme of an appositional compound eye to develop calculation formula is proposed. The distance estimation error analysis shows that it decreases with an increase of the total number of opaque channels to a certain limit. An acceptable error of about 2 % is achieved with the angle of view from 3 to 10° when the total number of opaque channels is 21600.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012028
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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