A Shack-Hartmann sensor for single-shot multi-contrast imaging with Hard X-rays

Tomy dos Santos Rolo, Stefan Reich, Dmitry Karpov, Sergey Gasilov, Danays Kunka, Edwin Fohtung, Tilo Baumbach, Anton Plech

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


An array of compound refractive X-ray lenses (CRL) with 20 × 20 lenslets, a focal distance of 20 cm and a visibility of 0.93 is presented. It can be used as a Shack-Hartmann sensor for hard X-rays (SHARX) for wavefront sensing and permits for true single-shot multi-contrast imaging the dynamics of materials with a spatial resolution in the micrometer range, sensitivity on nanosized structures and temporal resolution on the microsecond scale. The object's absorption and its induced wavefront shift can be assessed simultaneously together with information from diffraction channels. In contrast to the established Hartmann sensors the SHARX has an increased flux efficiency through focusing of the beam rather than blocking parts of it. We investigated the spatiotemporal behavior of a cavitation bubble induced by laser pulses. Furthermore, we validated the SHARX by measuring refraction angles of a single diamond CRL, where we obtained an angular resolution better than 4 μrad.

Original languageEnglish
Article number737
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2018


  • Multi-contrast imaging
  • Phase-contrast imaging
  • X-ray lens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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