A Cumulative Sums Algorithm for Segmentation of Digital X-ray Images

S. E. Vorobeychikov, S. V. Chakhlov, V. A. Udod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A mathematical model of digital X-ray image of the test object is presented for the case when the main type of image distortion is the noise due to the quantum nature of the radiation. The new multilevel cumulative sums algorithm for automatic image segmentation is proposed. The algorithm is based on the edge detection of the segments homogeneous in brightness along the image rows and columns by repeatedly applying the cumulative sums procedure. The efficiency of the proposed algorithm is compared with the known threshold and Leader algorithms. The comparison was performed on simulated images as well as on the X-ray image of a weld. The mean square errors for the new algorithm were about two and three times less than for the threshold and Leader algorithms, correspondingly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number78
JournalJournal of Nondestructive Evaluation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019


  • Digital X-ray image
  • Inspected object
  • Mathematical model
  • Segmentation algorithms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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