A composite coating for corrosion protection of AM60B magnesium alloy

A. Mandelli, M. Bestetti, A. Da Forno, N. Lecis, S. P. Trasatti, M. Trueba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


Oxide films have been produced on AM60B magnesium alloy by micro-arc anodic oxidation in an environmentally friendly alkaline solution, with and without addition of nanoparticles (TiO 2, ZrO 2 and Al 2O 3). Because of the anodic oxide porosity, inherent in the sparking process, organo-functional silanes top coat has been applied to seal pores and cracks, and achieve an efficient protective coating system. The surface and cross-section morphology of samples were analyzed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) coupled with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS). Scratch tests were performed for evaluating the adhesion strength and scratch hardness of the anodic oxides to the AM60B substrate. The corrosion resistance of both anodic oxides and oxide/silane composite coatings was evaluated in 0.6M NaCl solution using potentiodynamic polarization tests. The addition of nanoparticles to the anodizing solution doesn't affect significantly the corrosion resistance in comparison with anodic oxides produced in nanoparticles free solutions. Conversely, the adhesion strength and scratch hardness of the anodic oxides to the substrate is quite scattered, and it is higher for the samples produced in ZrO 2 and in Al 2O 3 rich solutions. For this reason specimens anodized in ZrO 2 and Al 2O 3 containing solutions were chosen for silane deposition. Two silanes were used, namely octyltrimethoxysilane (OSi) and 1, 2-bis [triethoxysilyl] ethane (BTSE). The anodizing treatment carried out in oxides nanoparticles containing solutions (ZrO 2 or Al 2O 3), followed by a silane top coat treatment performed using OSi precursor, is an interesting way, suitable for industrial applications, to synthesize adherent corrosion resistant coatings on magnesium alloy AM60B in a short process time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4459-4465
Number of pages7
JournalSurface and Coatings Technology
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Corrosion resistance
  • Magnesium alloys
  • Micro-arc anodic oxidation
  • Scratch test
  • Silane-based coatings
  • Spark discharge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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