5-Amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole as a Promising Energetic Material

Nikita V. Muravyev, Anatoly A. Bragin, Konstantin A. Monogarov, Anna S. Nikiforova, Alexander A. Korlyukov, Igor V. Fomenkov, Nikolay I. Shishov, Alla N. Pivkina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nitrogen-rich energetic compound 5-amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole (5-ADP) was investigated using complementary experimental techniques. X-ray diffraction indicates the strong intermolecular hydrogen bonding in 5-ADP crystals. Compound exhibits low impact sensitivity (23 J) and insensitivity to friction. The activation energy of thermolysis determined to be 230±5 kJ mol−1 from DSC measurements. Accelerating rate calorimetry indicates the lower thermal stability (173 °C) of 5-ADP than that of RDX, which is probably the main concern about using this compound. 5-ADP also exhibits good compatibility with common energetic materials (viz. TNT, RDX, ammonium perchlorate), including an active binder. The burning rate of 5-ADP monopropellant is higher than that of benchmark HMX, while the pressure exponent 0.51±0.04 is surprisingly low. Addition of ammonium perchlorate does not affect the pressure exponent of 5-ADP, while the burning rate increases. The 5-amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole exhibits a notable combination of combustion performance, low sensitivity, and good compatibility, which renders it as a promising energetic material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1005
Number of pages7
JournalPropellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Monopropellants
Trinitrotoluene
HMX
Thermolysis
Calorimetry
Binders
Hydrogen bonds
Thermodynamic stability
Nitrogen
Activation energy
Friction
X ray diffraction
Crystals
cyclonite
ammonium perchlorate
octogen

Keywords

  • 5-Amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole
  • Burning rate parameters
  • Hydrogen bonding
  • Low-sensitive explosive
  • Thermal stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Muravyev, N. V., Bragin, A. A., Monogarov, K. A., Nikiforova, A. S., Korlyukov, A. A., Fomenkov, I. V., ... Pivkina, A. N. (2016). 5-Amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole as a Promising Energetic Material. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 41(6), 999-1005. https://doi.org/10.1002/prep.201600068

5-Amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole as a Promising Energetic Material. / Muravyev, Nikita V.; Bragin, Anatoly A.; Monogarov, Konstantin A.; Nikiforova, Anna S.; Korlyukov, Alexander A.; Fomenkov, Igor V.; Shishov, Nikolay I.; Pivkina, Alla N.

In: Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, Vol. 41, No. 6, 01.12.2016, p. 999-1005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muravyev, NV, Bragin, AA, Monogarov, KA, Nikiforova, AS, Korlyukov, AA, Fomenkov, IV, Shishov, NI & Pivkina, AN 2016, '5-Amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole as a Promising Energetic Material', Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 999-1005. https://doi.org/10.1002/prep.201600068
Muravyev NV, Bragin AA, Monogarov KA, Nikiforova AS, Korlyukov AA, Fomenkov IV et al. 5-Amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole as a Promising Energetic Material. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics. 2016 Dec 1;41(6):999-1005. https://doi.org/10.1002/prep.201600068
Muravyev, Nikita V. ; Bragin, Anatoly A. ; Monogarov, Konstantin A. ; Nikiforova, Anna S. ; Korlyukov, Alexander A. ; Fomenkov, Igor V. ; Shishov, Nikolay I. ; Pivkina, Alla N. / 5-Amino-3,4-dinitropyrazole as a Promising Energetic Material. In: Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics. 2016 ; Vol. 41, No. 6. pp. 999-1005.
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