10-Alkenylphenothiazines. 1. Synthesis and cis,trans-isomerization of 10-propenylphenothiazines

V. A. Anfinogenov, O. A. Napilkova, E. E. Sirotkina, V. D. Filimonov, V. D. Ogorodnikov

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A study was carried out on the isomerization of 10-allylphenothiazine (I) in DMSO by the action of t-BuOK, KOH and NaOH. The isomerization proceeds stereospecifically at room temperature by the action of t-BuOK at an elevated temperature by the action of KOH and NaOH to give cis-10-propenylphenothiazine (II). The effect of the t-BuOK concentration, temperature and reaction time on the isomeric composition of the 10-propenylphenothiazines formed was studied. Under conditions of kinetic control, I gives II, which isomerizes under the reaction conditions to give an equilibrium mixture of cis- and trans-10-propenyl-phenothiazine with 44-45% trans isomer III. The isomerization temperature has virtually no effect on the II/III isomer ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-103
Number of pages4
JournalChemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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