γ-Bi2O3 - To Be or Not to Be? Comparison of the Sillenite γ-Bi2O3 and Isomorphous Sillenite-Type Bi12SiO20

Marcus Weber, Raul D. Rodriguez, Dietrich R.T. Zahn, Michael Mehring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The "controlled" synthesis of metastable γ-Bi2O3 by solution based approaches was reported several times recently, but the formation of Bi12SiO20 in the presence of trace amounts of silicates renders the results to be questionable. Here, the preparation of the Sillenite γ-Bi2O3 and the Sillenite-type Bi12SiO20 starting from the polynuclear bismuth oxido cluster [Bi38O45(O2CC3H5)24(DMSO)9] is reported. γ-Bi2O3 crystallizes after calcination at 800 °C of the silicate-free hydrolysis product "[Bi38O45(OH)24]" on a silver sheet. Corrosion of the substrate causes contamination with silver, which is not incorporated into the Bi-O lattice, and was removed by treatment with an aqueous KCN-solution. Bi12SiO20 was obtained after hydrothermal treatment of the bismuth oxido cluster in the presence of NaOH in glass vessels or Na2SiO3 in a Teflon-lined reactor vessel followed by calcination at 600 °C. PXRD studies, scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption measurements, IR- and Raman spectroscopy, diffuse UV-vis spectroscopy, and DSC were used for characterization. The phase transition of γ-Bi2O3 to give α-Bi2O3 occurred slowly in the temperature range of 348-510 °C (ΔHγ→α = 6.57 kJ·mol-1). The silver-containing γ-Bi2O3 exhibits slightly increased Raman modes compared to the silver-free sample due to the SERS effect. In the diffuse UV-vis spectrum γ-Bi2O3 exhibits an absorption edge at λ = 485 nm (Eg = 2.76 eV), and the contamination with silver results in an additional absorption edge at λ = 572 nm. Silver-free γ-Bi2O3 exhibits an absorption edge at λ = 460 nm (Eg = 2.83 eV) and Bi12SiO20 at λ = 422 nm (Eg = 3.16 eV). The photocatalytic activity of the compounds was investigated in the decomposition of aqueous rhodamine B under visible light irradiation, showing silver-containing γ-Bi2O3 to be slightly more effective compared to Bi12SiO20 and significantly more effective than the silver-free γ-Bi2O3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8540-8549
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jul 2018

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Silver
silver
Silicates
Bismuth
rhodamine B
Calcination
roasting
bismuth
vessels
silicates
contamination
Contamination
teflon (trademark)
Polytetrafluoroethylene
rhodamine
Dimethyl Sulfoxide
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
Raman spectroscopy
hydrolysis
Infrared spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

γ-Bi2O3 - To Be or Not to Be? Comparison of the Sillenite γ-Bi2O3 and Isomorphous Sillenite-Type Bi12SiO20. / Weber, Marcus; Rodriguez, Raul D.; Zahn, Dietrich R.T.; Mehring, Michael.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 57, No. 14, 16.07.2018, p. 8540-8549.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weber, Marcus ; Rodriguez, Raul D. ; Zahn, Dietrich R.T. ; Mehring, Michael. / γ-Bi2O3 - To Be or Not to Be? Comparison of the Sillenite γ-Bi2O3 and Isomorphous Sillenite-Type Bi12SiO20. In: Inorganic Chemistry. 2018 ; Vol. 57, No. 14. pp. 8540-8549.
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abstract = "The {"}controlled{"} synthesis of metastable γ-Bi2O3 by solution based approaches was reported several times recently, but the formation of Bi12SiO20 in the presence of trace amounts of silicates renders the results to be questionable. Here, the preparation of the Sillenite γ-Bi2O3 and the Sillenite-type Bi12SiO20 starting from the polynuclear bismuth oxido cluster [Bi38O45(O2CC3H5)24(DMSO)9] is reported. γ-Bi2O3 crystallizes after calcination at 800 °C of the silicate-free hydrolysis product {"}[Bi38O45(OH)24]{"} on a silver sheet. Corrosion of the substrate causes contamination with silver, which is not incorporated into the Bi-O lattice, and was removed by treatment with an aqueous KCN-solution. Bi12SiO20 was obtained after hydrothermal treatment of the bismuth oxido cluster in the presence of NaOH in glass vessels or Na2SiO3 in a Teflon-lined reactor vessel followed by calcination at 600 °C. PXRD studies, scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption measurements, IR- and Raman spectroscopy, diffuse UV-vis spectroscopy, and DSC were used for characterization. The phase transition of γ-Bi2O3 to give α-Bi2O3 occurred slowly in the temperature range of 348-510 °C (ΔHγ→α = 6.57 kJ·mol-1). The silver-containing γ-Bi2O3 exhibits slightly increased Raman modes compared to the silver-free sample due to the SERS effect. In the diffuse UV-vis spectrum γ-Bi2O3 exhibits an absorption edge at λ = 485 nm (Eg = 2.76 eV), and the contamination with silver results in an additional absorption edge at λ = 572 nm. Silver-free γ-Bi2O3 exhibits an absorption edge at λ = 460 nm (Eg = 2.83 eV) and Bi12SiO20 at λ = 422 nm (Eg = 3.16 eV). The photocatalytic activity of the compounds was investigated in the decomposition of aqueous rhodamine B under visible light irradiation, showing silver-containing γ-Bi2O3 to be slightly more effective compared to Bi12SiO20 and significantly more effective than the silver-free γ-Bi2O3.",
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N2 - The "controlled" synthesis of metastable γ-Bi2O3 by solution based approaches was reported several times recently, but the formation of Bi12SiO20 in the presence of trace amounts of silicates renders the results to be questionable. Here, the preparation of the Sillenite γ-Bi2O3 and the Sillenite-type Bi12SiO20 starting from the polynuclear bismuth oxido cluster [Bi38O45(O2CC3H5)24(DMSO)9] is reported. γ-Bi2O3 crystallizes after calcination at 800 °C of the silicate-free hydrolysis product "[Bi38O45(OH)24]" on a silver sheet. Corrosion of the substrate causes contamination with silver, which is not incorporated into the Bi-O lattice, and was removed by treatment with an aqueous KCN-solution. Bi12SiO20 was obtained after hydrothermal treatment of the bismuth oxido cluster in the presence of NaOH in glass vessels or Na2SiO3 in a Teflon-lined reactor vessel followed by calcination at 600 °C. PXRD studies, scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption measurements, IR- and Raman spectroscopy, diffuse UV-vis spectroscopy, and DSC were used for characterization. The phase transition of γ-Bi2O3 to give α-Bi2O3 occurred slowly in the temperature range of 348-510 °C (ΔHγ→α = 6.57 kJ·mol-1). The silver-containing γ-Bi2O3 exhibits slightly increased Raman modes compared to the silver-free sample due to the SERS effect. In the diffuse UV-vis spectrum γ-Bi2O3 exhibits an absorption edge at λ = 485 nm (Eg = 2.76 eV), and the contamination with silver results in an additional absorption edge at λ = 572 nm. Silver-free γ-Bi2O3 exhibits an absorption edge at λ = 460 nm (Eg = 2.83 eV) and Bi12SiO20 at λ = 422 nm (Eg = 3.16 eV). The photocatalytic activity of the compounds was investigated in the decomposition of aqueous rhodamine B under visible light irradiation, showing silver-containing γ-Bi2O3 to be slightly more effective compared to Bi12SiO20 and significantly more effective than the silver-free γ-Bi2O3.

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